AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Popular TV shows spawn ‘frankenwords’

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Title  Popular TV shows spawn ‘frankenwords’
Date  27 July 2014
Author  Annabel Crabb
URL  http://www.theage.com.au/comment/popular-tv-shows-spawn-frankenwords-20140725-zwt38.html
Publication  The Age
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  • Commentators are using new terms to allow ellipsis to occur in their sentences.
  • Creating new words by changing the word class of old words through affixation.
  • Having reality television shows means that more slang and non-standard language is being shown on television.
Feature of Language
  • Idioms
  • Shortening
  • Affixation
  • Changing word class
Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.  Word addition: compounding, commonisation, neologism. 

The use of informal language in promoting linguistic innovation.

The relationship between the context and the features of language in informal texts.

The effects of context on language choices.

My opinion on the Article’s comments.  The use of slang and informal language on Television will grow as the their is an overall descriptivist view held by the public. When TV is live their will also be a greater use of informal language used by commentators as it is more spontaneous and is less rehearsed. In reality TV where untrained average day people star on the television there will also  be greater informality as the language used is spontaneous and reflects the language used everyday by the public. That is why you will often find new words being used by commentators or on reality TV shows where the language use is usually not as tightly restricted.
Quotes  “Some years ago, someone – and I don’t know exactly who – decided that the phrase “win a medal” was too cumbersome and lengthy, and pioneered instead the concept of “medalling””

“But consultation with the Oxford English Dictionary reveals that “gifting” isn’t a horrible modern aberration at all; it’s an ancient one, first recorded in an anonymous 16th-century ballad entitled A Merry Jest Of A Shrewd And Curst Wife Lapped In Morel’s Skin For Her Good Behaviour.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: 12 things Australian bosses never want to hear

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Title  12 things Australian bosses never want to hear
Date  29 July 2014
Author  Sarah Kimmorley
URL  http://www.smh.com.au/executive-style/management/12-things-australian-bosses-never-want-to-hear-20140729-zxryj.html
Publication  Sydney Morning Herald
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  The use of Positive language can hugely impact a business’ success.
  • Negative outlooks towards a goal is the most disliked attitude for bosses. This attitude shows that the employee is not confident in their or the team’s abilities to succeed and is not open minded to investigate other avenues to success.
  • Bosses like confidence and initiative to be shown by their employees.
  • The use of the pronoun “you” to refer to the company is disliked and bosses would rather an inclusive pronoun such as “we” so to know the employee feels about of the company.
Feature of Language  Inclusive langauge.

Euphemisms and Dysphemism’s.

Interrogative sentence types.

Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.
  • The use of formal language in: clarifying, manipulating or obfuscating, establishing expertise
  • The effects of context on language choices
  • The relationship between the context and the features of language
My opinion on the Article’s comments.  Having confidence in your abilities at work is important it reinforces that you belong there and showing a lack of confidence where you are having to question others can show your lack of expertise. It is important though that workers feel confident and safe in their positions so that they able to ask questions when unsure so they can do the job right. Bosses gain confidence when their workers display a positive attitude to their work as such attitude shows them that the tasks they have assigned them will be done properly.
Quotes  “The truth is, you can’t know that it won’t work. Start-ups need people to be thinking “we can” or “it might work”. I would much prefer to hear “let’s test it” or “how can we make this work”.”

” In my experience the people who have said to me “I hope I do this well, I don’t want to disappoint you” have been the people that have walked away mid-project because it got too overwhelming.”

” I would rather hear, “Whilst that might be challenging, here is how I think we should do it!”. That’s a lot more positive and shows a can-do attitude, which is very much at the core of Agent99 PR’s values.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Who wins in the name game?

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Title  Who wins in the name game?
Date  2nd August 2014
Author  Cody C. Delistraty
URL  http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/07/31/comment-who-wins-name-game
Publication  SBS
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  The ability to pronounce someone’s name is related to how close you are with them.
  • Companies with simple and easy to pronounce names have higher investments in them compared to more complex named companies even when there is little known about them.
  • People with easier to pronounce names are more likely to be hired and promoted as they are judged more positively.
  • In fields of work that are dominated by men, females with sexually ambiguous names tend to be more successful.
  • People with white sounding names were more likely to be given a job over an African American name where each candidate is otherwise equal.
Feature of Language  Language’s ability to hold identity. In this case the names of people show their identity possibly in regards to race, culture and socio-economic status etc.The pronunciation of words/names. How accents hold identity and that the pronunciation of easy names for native English speakers can be hard for non native speakers even though the spelling is very simple e.g. “Cody”.
Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.  Language can represent and display identity. People can presume and make assumptions from your use of language and even through names and written texts.
My opinion on the Article’s comments.  The name you are given does not affect the likely hood of you going to university of if you will have good grades, when these links are made it is not because of your name but because of you background and culture that you have been brought up in. When the article quotes that people in the French Baccalaureate with a name of “Marie”did better than average, it is because it is a name which is common in upper classed families and therefore would have had the backing and support to try and achieve the best education possible. In this regard names can represent identity, showing things such as your race, age and religion. On face value people can make judgements of you from your name but these judgements will quick evaporate and hold little weight once a meeting of the 2 people in question has occurred.
Quotes  “Our brains tend to believe that if something is difficult to understand, it must also be high-risk.”

“A first name can imply race, age, socioeconomic status, and sometimes religion, so it’s an easy—or lazy—way to judge someone’s background, character, and intelligence.”

“In competitive fields that have classically been dominated by men, such as law and engineering, women with sexually ambiguous names tend to be more successful.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Melbourne language study reveals a cacophony of diversity

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Title  Melbourne language study reveals a cacophony of diversity
Date  11 July 2014
Author  Craig Butt and Alison Worral
URL  www.theage.com.au/victoria/melbourne-language-study-reveals-a-cacophony-of-diversity-20140711-zt4b4.html
Publication  The Age
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  251 languages are spoken in Melbourne.
  • In 6 per cent of suburbs more than half the population speaks languages other than English at the dinner table.
  • Parents of international backgrounds are wanting their children to their mother tongue, so to be able to communicate with family back home and to keep a connection with their background.
  • Languages are concentrated in particular regions for cultural reasons, so they can stick together.
Feature of Language That language can be used to include and then exclude others.
Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.  The role of language in constructing national identity

Discuss language variation and identity in Australia

My opinion on the Article’s comments. Melbourne’s and Australia diversity will continue to grow as immigration continues. As there continues to be a greater shift of Asian people to Australia, the Asian language and culture will grow in Australia. Language diversity and popularity in Melbourne will grow if cultures are able to grow in the same region, creating their own home away from home through the use of their native tongue. Having areas which are known to be popular in a certain culture such as the Vietnamese culture in Springvale helps the Vietnamese community have a greater sense of identity.
Quotes  “Mrs Nguyen started speaking Vietnamese in the home again after having children because she wanted her kids to be able to speak both English and Vietnamese. “It does keep the connection with the motherland and our roots,” she says. “I think my children will be able to appreciate the multiculturalism in Australia because they are a part of it.””

“He says a widening rich-poor divide and booming house prices could prevent newer migrants from dispersing through the city like earlier generations of Europeans.”

“200,000 more Melburnians are speaking a language other than English at home than a decade ago.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Some vital signs for Aboriginal languages

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Title  Some vital signs for Aboriginal languages
Date  7th April 2014
Author  Michael Christie, Brian Devlin, Cathy Bow
URL  http://theconversation.com/some-vital-signs-for-aboriginal-languages-25148
Publication  The Conversation
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  NT government may decide to stop the education of Aboriginal languages in the classroom.
  • Books and stories of creation, traditional practises, bush medicine and other facets of Aboriginal life which were created in schools from 1973 are being collected.
  • These books on Aboriginal stories had been previously uncatalogued and are now being published on the internet for all to see.
  • The Archive helps to show the unique knowledge and history of Australia that these languages hold.
  • The goal is for people to be able to engage with the cultural heritage.
Feature of Language  The ability for language e.g( AE) to hold information that has not been told in English.

Language can reflect and hold identity.

Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.
  •  features of language that contribute to a sense of individual identity and group membership
  • The decline of indigenous languages.
  • The role of language in constructing identity
My opinion on the Article’s comments.  It is important to document and translate the stories and knowledge held by Aboriginal languages. As indigenous languages are dying and with the loss of these languages there is a lost of knowledge and culture about Australia if they are not well documented before they die out. A program such as this help create an identity for aboriginal people even if their language does die out as there stories have been translated and preserved. If this did not occur the identity of indigenous Australians would die when the language does.
Quotes  “As more and more obscure texts in endangered languages are identified and uploaded to the archive, people in Australia and beyond can continue to engage with this rich cultural heritage.”

“The archive helps us understand how these languages reflect and produce a uniquely Australian knowledge of our history, our place, our relation to the land”

“In spite of this, the latest report to the NT government recommends an English-only approach in bush schools. This flies in the face of research pointing to the effectiveness of planned and informed use of home language and English in the classroom in developing listening, speaking, reading and writing of both home language and English.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Australian Broad-A

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Title  Australian Broad-A
Date  15th June 2014
Author  Ben Trawick-Smith
URL  http://dialectblog.com/2014/06/15/australian-broad-a/
Publication  Dialect Blog
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  There is a regional variation in the way Australians pronounce the vowel “a” in words.
  • South Australians tend to use a broad A e.g in “harm” in words such as dance, advance and plant, Queenslanders tend to use a short a as in “pan”
  • This pronunciation of the vowel “a” is not uniform and varies in both states, people will also use the short A sound for one word and the broad A sound in another.
  • When the British settled in Australia at the time there was a change in attitude with many shying away from the use of a broad A.
  • The pronunciation of “a” has nothing to do with class.
Feature of Language
  •  Language change.
  • Pronunciation of sounds
  • Variation in language.
Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.
  • how Australian English varies according to geography, including national and regional variation
  • the role of language in constructing national identity
My opinion on the Article’s comments.  Australia has slight regional variation when it comes to pronunciation. As Australian English is still in it’s infancy in comparison with Britain and even America. So little variation in terms of accents and pronunciation are seen across Australia. The article shows the difference in the pronunciation of the vowel a across different states, with more time the difference in pronunciation may become more uniform and distinct from one another.
Quotes “while Adelaide natives generally always use the broad-a in “plant”, this is common but not uniform with “advance” and broad-a in “dance” is fairly unusual (it occurs about 27% of the time”

“early British/European settlement occurred throughout the 19th-Century, a span coinciding with changes in attitude regarding the broad-a in words like “dance” and “demand”.”

AOS 1 unit 4 journal: Does speaking like an Aussie make you sound insecure?

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Title  Does speaking like an Aussie make you sound insecure?
Date  15th January 2014
Author   and
URL  http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/14/speaking-like-an-aussie-insecure-australian-upward-inflection

Also on Australia’s use of high rising intonation: http://theconversation.com/australian-question-intonation-no-good-in-britain-mate-really-21755

Publication  The Guardian
Key Ideas (Point Form)
  •  85% of managers surveyed in Britain thought that the use of high rising intonation (HRI)  otherwise know as the Australian question intonation showed a clear indication of a person’s insecurity or emotional weakness.
  • HRI can be used to ask for confirmation.
  • Using HRI can sound friendlier but can also lead to people feeling confused when you respond supposedly with a statement but use a HRI.
  • HRI can be used to hold the floor when speaking.
Feature of Language  The use of intonation in speech.                                                                               Language reflects identity.

Declarative and Interrogative sentence types.

Holding the Floor techniques

Aspects of the Course this Article Relates to.
  •  characteristics of Australian English in contrast to Englishes from other continents, in phonological patterns.
  •  role of language in constructing national identity.
  • Relationship between social attitudes and language choices.
My opinion on the Article’s comments.  Using a high rising intonation does not show that someone is not confident or has insecurities. The use of high rising intonation is Australia is more of a feature that has spread and grown in the community but is independent of the person’s insecurities. Language pronunciation spreads from person to person as people like to feel apart of the group and therefore begin to talk similarly.  This has led to large population of Australia unknowingly use the HRI when speaking.
Quotes  “But far from indicating insecurity, some studies suggest that the AQI is often used by powerful people when speaking to their subordinates (thereby explaining why Australians use it when talking to Britons). The theory is that it’s much more acceptable for a boss to ask an employee whether they understand something than vice versa.”

“A rising intonation at the end of a statement (giving directions, for example) implicitly asks the listener to confirm that they understand what they’ve been told.”

“sophisticated, complicated speech intonation helps us express our feelings to the maximum. Endless questioning leads to a social manners crisis.”